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Drought in the Horn of Africa

ACT members in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Uganda are responding to the severe drought that is affecting the region

Story by ACT Alliance March 15th, 2017

According to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, the current drought is much worse than that experienced in 2010-2011 in the region. Already, Somalia, South Sudan and Kenya have declared drought national emergencies or disasters. The Kenyan and Ugandan governments have shifted financial resources to respond to the situation.

ACT members are also responding through appeals in the following countries:


10.2 million people were in need of assistance in 2015-2016, and the country continues to experience drought and severe water shortages that have led to significant levels of livestock death. The Ethiopian government listed 5.6 million people in need of urgent assistance in January, 2017. The ACT response will address:

Total Preliminary Budget: US$ 5,023,922

Full appeal


On February 9, 2017, Kenya declared a national disaster because of the on-going drought. Poor rainfalls over several rainy seasons have led to a prediction that up to 70% of the crops in Kenya will fail. 2.7 million people in Kenya are already affected by the drought, mostly living in pastoral communities in arid and semi-arid counties in northern Kenya. The ACT response will address:

Total Preliminary Budget: US$ 2,391,922

Full appeal


Somalia has experienced drought since 2015, a condition that is compounded by protracted conflict in the country. Poor rainfall has wiped out crops and killed livestock, and people have had to sell their belongings to buy food. According to the UN, as of March 7, 2017, 110 people have lost their lives in Somalia due to the drought. 6.2 million people in Somalia are in need of humanitarian assistance—more than half the population. The ACT response will address:

Total Preliminary Budget: US$ 5,136,118

Full appeal

South Sudan:

The humanitarian situation in South Sudan is complex and growing as conflict, drought, disease and economic decline have led to nearly 7.5 million people being in need of humanitarian support according to UN OCHA. On February 20, 2017, a state of famine was declared in parts of South Sudan, mostly affecting internally displaced people. 100,000 people currently face famine conditions. Acute malnutrition affects one in three children in the southern part of Unity state. The ACT response will address:

Full appeal

Pictures: Håvard Bjelland/Kirkens Nødhjelp

Fafan zone, Somali region. The green drought Gerbile village .The men of the village standing where it used to be water
Fafan zone, Somali region The green drought Gerbile village
Cattle are lying in the field right outside the village of Gerbile. The rain came too late
Footnote: Information from ACT Alliance appeals